• Phoneme-grapheme correspondences
  • Multisyllabic word construction
  • Syllable division principles
  • Spelling rules
  • Generalizations
  • Encode
  • Accurately


Students know:
  • Grade-appropriate phoneme-grapheme correspondences.
  • Multisyllabic words are words that are composed of two or more syllables.
  • Syllable division principles.
  • Spelling rules (or generalizations).
  • To encode accurately means to spell a word correctly.


Students are able to:
  • Accurately encode (spell) single syllable and multisyllabic words using their knowledge of phoneme-grapheme correspondences, multisyllabic word construction, syllable division principles, and spelling generalization.
  • Accurately divide words into syllables to spell multisyllabic words correctly.


Students understand that:
  • To spell (encode), they must accurately represent the letter symbols (graphemes) that correspond to the spoken sounds (phonemes).
  • They can use syllable division principles to break a word apart to make it easier to spell.
  • They can use their knowledge of the six syllable types to accurately encode words.
  • There are spelling rules, or generalizations, in the English language that can help them spell words accurately.